Land-use maps

Killingly present
Killingly past

Maps and images

Land use

This map was created by the University of Connecticut's Nonpoint Education for Municipal Offices (NEMO) project. This map was created by image-recognition software looking at data from satellite images. For example, the software distinguishes a deciduous forest from a coniferous forest from satellite images taken in the winter. NEMO is an educational program for local land use officials that addresses the relationship of land use to natural resource protection. A variety of Connecticut and town maps are available from the NEMO web site.

Printer-friendly PDF version
Future land use

The Town of Killingly planning office has a GIS system that allows town personnel and officials to create a variety of maps to aid in land-use planning decisions. The GIS system allows the user to select "layers" of information and overlay them. The legend in the map shows the layers that were selected--roads, railroads, protected land etc. A GIS map is only as good as the data that is entered into the computer. Much of the data comes from aerial photographs, and the data entered into the GIS system may only be an approximation of what is on the ground; for example, the boundaries of a wetland. Town officials have to make site visits to verify the information before making planning decisions.

Printer-friendly PDF version
Water features

This is a map created by the Town of Killingly Planning and Zoning GIS system. The layers selected for this map include roads, railroads, water, wetlands, and soil types. Wetlands are a critical part of our region's natural environment, and their development is regulated at the town, state, and federal level. The town's Planning Department in conjunction with the Inland Wetlands Commission protect our wetlands by enforcing the regulations.

Printer-friendly PDF version
Water basins

This is a second map from the NEMO project and shows the water basins in the Town of Killingly. A water basin is defined as an area of land from which all waters drain, on the surface or beneath the ground, to a common point or altitude. For example, 3400 is the Five Mile River basin. All of the streams in this basin end up in the Five Mile River. Similarly, any rain that falls on the land in this basin ends up in the Five Mile River.
The green lines show the boundaries between each basin. All of the small streams and ponds in a basin lead to the same river. 3404 is the Whetstone Brook basin and 3700 is the Quinebaug River basin. The table on the left shows that 35.7% of the Five Mile River basin is in Killingly, and that 27.9% of the town is covered by this basin. All of the water in town eventually ends up in the Quinebaug River and heads south towards the Long Island Sound. Good environmental practices by towns in the Quiet Corner can help protect the quality of the water in the Sound.

Printer-friendly PDF version
Surficial materials

This NEMO map shows the type of soils that sit under the surface. Soils are important for identifying wetlands, potential sites for building, and areas of sensitive habitat. Maps like this guide the lanud-use commissions in deciding which areas in town should be preserved as open space.

How is a wetland defined? Certified soil scientists define and delineate wetlands by identifying hydric soils. Wetlands in Connecticut are legally determined by how well the soil drains; poorly drained, very poorly drained, alluvial and flood plain soils are wetlands soils. A soil scientist can look for certain types of vegetation that can grow in hydric soils to find the wetland, but the actual edge of the wetland is determined by the soil type. Killingly town staff determines what permits are necessary based on the results of information from the soil scientist, town maps, soil surveys, zoning maps, etc. and the proposed development.

Printer-friendly PDF version
Water quality

This NEMO map shows the quality of the surface water and ground water in town. The poor quality in some areas is a legacy of the textile indistries that dominated life in Killingly from the early 1800s to the early 1900s. This map also shows that the areas with the best quality water. One area with clean water is the Chase Reservoir in East Killingly. The Chase Reservoir includes 365 acres that are protected open space; the protection will help preserve the quality of the water from this source for future generations.

Printer-friendly PDF version
Hydrographic features

This is NEMO map shows the swamps, streams, rivers, ponds, and reservoirs in town. Killingly is a complex network of interconnected water systems. Both Wetlands and Watercourses are protected under the Killingly Inland Wetlands and Watercourses Regulations which are based on the Public Act 155 - An Act Concerning Inland Wetlands and Watercourses, Sections 22a-36 through 22a-45. You can view the regulations in the town hall or on the Town of Killingly web site.

Printer-friendly PDF version
Alluvial drift

This NEMO map shows the alluvial drift in town. Alluvial drift is the the rocky soil that the retreating glaciers left behind after the last ice age. Alluvial drift allows for the passage of water, and it is important because it holds water in the acquifer below the surface. We tap into the acquifer to get our drinking water. The acquifer that flows near the junction of Route 12 and Route 101 feeds the well that provides drinking water for the Borough of Danielson.

Printer-friendly PDF version
What is "GIS"?

Geography Information Systems (GIS): A computer-based mapping tool that not only creates images that represent data on the ground it also includes spatial information. There are so many types of information that are put together in a GIS program that you can learn a great deal about a town or region. The Killingly GIS system was made by Cartographics Associates, Co. in Littleton, NH. They based the information on aerial photographs that were taken in 2000 that showed the land use patterns and natural resources, and combined this information with our records of parcel data.

These maps are for general informational purposes only. They are not valid for legal description or conveyance.

The location of wetlands and watercourses is for general informational purposes only. The Town of Killingly regulates activities within 200' of inland wetlands / watercourses. For more information please call the Inland Wetlands Agent at (860) 779-5310.